Geography of SiliguriPlaced in the foothills of the eastern Himalayas and bound by dense forests, Siliguri has immense natural charm besides strategic importance. The Mahananda River flows along its banks. The city connects the North-east with the Indian mainland. Besides it is the gateway to the hill stations like Darjeeling, Kurseong, Kalimpong, Mirik, Rangpo and other hill towns of the eastern Himalayan ranges making it an inevitable transit point for all tourists heading to their destinations.
Map of Siliguri Corridor
Siliguri is spread over an area of 48 sq. km within the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken’s neck. This is a narrow strip of land which connects the north-eastern states of India with the mainland. It is situated along 26’72” latitude and 88’41” longitude. It is also reputed to be the largest city in North Bengal which is constantly growing in area and population thanks to its commercial and trading opportunities which brings diverse communities from the Gorkhas, Bengalis and people from East Bengal (Bangladesh), Marwaris, Assamese, Biharis to Punjabi and Gujratis to migrate to this happening city in search of better living conditions. Know more about the geographical conditions of Siliguri from the description given below:
Topography of Siliguri
Mahananda River Bank in Siliguri
The city is strategically important for its unique geographical feature encompassing Nepal in the west about 10 km from the Bagodogra region, Bhutan lies about 40 km to its north-east and Bangladesh lies in the south from the Fulbari region. Siliguri is also high in the seismic zone owing to several fault lines. The last earthquake recorded in Siliguri was on 19th September 2011.
Climate of SiliguriSiliguri has three main seasons; summer, monsoon and winter. Summer is between the month of April to mid June and the highest temperature rarely goes beyond 35 degree Celsius. The hot and humid climate of summer is tempered by a cool wind which blows from the Himalayan ranges.
The monsoon season is between mid-June to September with heavy rainfall occurring in the month of July and August when the city is cut off along with Sikkim and the hill stations. The average annual rainfall ranges between 2600 mm and 4000 mm. Parts of the city witness water logging however, the elevated topography of Siliguri gives respite from large areas being flooded.
The winter months are between December to February. The winter season in Siliguri is relatively cool and temperatures range between 3 degree Celsius and 15 degree Celsius. Winters are also characterized by dense fog along with light rain.
With expansion of the city towards the hills, Siliguri has seen gradual destruction of vegetation cover and increasingly hot summers and less cold winters in recent times.
Flora and Fauna in Siliguri
Leopard in Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary, Siliguri
The forests in Siliguri are tropical in nature and there is a dense growth of Sal trees besides Khair, Simul, Sissoo and riverine grasslands. Various rare species of flora are also found in the Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary including about 330 different plantation species.
So explore the varied wildlife of Siliguri by taking elephant safaris in Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary and feel the bliss of nature at its best!